- The Collection of Museo Reina Sofía starts with the end of the 19th Century, addressing the conflicts between a dominant Modernity, understood as progress, and its multiple discontents, as an ideology under constant challenge both in the social and the political fronts, and the cultural and artistic ones.
- The period from the 1960s to the 1980s, the years that the new rooms in the Collection explore, is when the political, social, cultural and technological changes that would give shape to the contemporary global situation took place: decolonization, the uprisings of '68, feminist movements, the economic crisis, the expansion of popular culture and the emergence of other peripheral modernisms.
In 1933, Man Ray produced the plaster Portrait of Joella Bayer, the wife of gallery owner Julien Levy. For the exhibition held the following year in the Julien Levy Gallery in New York, Salvador Dalí became involved pictorially in the portrait made from plaster, transforming the piece into a sculpture-object.
To mark the new installations in the permanent Collection in November 2014, the piece Lanas (Yarns) by the artist Juan Hidalgo was assembled. The work, defined by the artist himself as a Zaj environment, was on view for the first time in the German Institute in Madrid in May 1972 to celebrate an end-of-term party, before being exhibited in the Museo Reina Sofía in 2009, in the exhibition The Pamplona Encounters 1972: The End of the Party for Experimental Art.