Pablo Picasso painted Guernica at the request of the Republican government for the Spanish Pavilion at the 1937 Paris International Exhibition. The work is a testimony and condemnation of the bombing of the Basque town of Guernica’s population by the Luftwaffe, who were allied to the rebels, and is considered a fundamental work of 20th Century art, remaining a universal symbol of the fight against oppression.
With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in July 1936, the role of artists who supported the Republican government with propaganda came to a head. One of the most unrivaled projects in promoting the Republican cause abroad was the construction of the Spanish Pavilion at the Exposition Internationale des Arts and Techniques dans la vie Moderne (International Exposition Dedicated to Art and Technology in Modern Life), held in Paris in 1937.
Artworks in the room
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